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Chapter 1

New info goes here.

Chapter 2

Reading/Discussion: Watch this YouTube video with your class and discuss the point of view of the creator. Please preview the video in order to determine if the photographs are too graphic for your students. There are many good pictures from the Spanish Civil War but some are of victims of the war.

Possible unfamiliar vocabulary: chusma- mob, corromper- corrupt, cruento- bloody, derrotados- defeated

Example: “¿Qué significa ‘un pueblo hasta entonces explotado? ¿Según el video, los fascistas fueron explotados o los republicanos?”

Chapter 3

Reading/Discussion: Read the biography of Francisco Franco at and answer the questions on the discussion sheet. After students have had the opportunity to read for the requested details, discuss the answers as a class.  Discussion sheet questions

Chapter 4

Reading/Discussion: Show the video “La Declaración de los Derechos Humanos” from The video is a great pace for an upper level language classroom and you can use it as a jumping off point for discussion about the idea of Human Rights. Record a list of basic human rights.

Chapter 5

Connections: Connect this lesson to other disciplines by having students do an internet search for the ranks of the Spanish army in the 1930s in comparison to the ranks of the US army in the 1930s. The insignia and shoulder ornamentation are different so the students can discuss their titles or the style of insignia they wear. Skim the Wikipedia entry to find the insignia.

Insignia activity page

Chapter 7

Cara al sol

Himno de riego

Suggestion from Erin Osterland:

I have used the “20 mundos” emagazine on “Los horarios en España,” which mentions Franco adjusting Spain’s time to coincide with Germany’s…nice way to show relevance of history to today.

Thanks Erin!

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