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Prologue

PBS series (requires “passport” membership $$$) The Fidel Castro Tapes


Chapter 1

Fiesta de té Slideshow

Introduction to the “Pares y nones” activity

Article Daily Signal about ways Cubans have tried to get from Cuba to Florida, includes 1980 and 1994 photos, others


Chapter 2

Video Fidel “Que se vayan” lines video is poor quality, but Fidel´s lines are pretty clear

Fidel quería que todos lo escucharan y cuando él hablaba en público, no había nada más programado, ni en la radio, ni en la televisión.

Artículo sobre sus Largos discursos

From April to October of 1980, more than 125,000 Cubans left the country during this time of special permission to emigrate. Dionisio missed the chance to be one of them.

News report 1980 Mariel boatlift

Sound effects for Chapter 2 reader’s theater:


Chapter 3

Fidel y el béisbol http://www.elgraficochile.cl/fidel-castro-el-nino-beisbolista-y-delantero-que-transformo-a-cuba-en/prontus_elgrafico/2016-11-26/175934.html

La agricultura en Cuba, importancia del azúcar “Sin azúcar, no hay país” refrán cubano

“En los años 50 la Isla exportaba la mitad de toda el azúcar mundial, con una producción entre 5,3 y 7,1 millones de toneladas métricas,” Diario de Cuba

Interesting study of Cuban sugar industry and current changes

Fidel decidió hacer una industria de chocolate chocolate en la provincia de Guantánamo. Ahora el cacao de nuestro rancho era para las barras de chocolate que Cuba exportaba.¡No recibíamos dinero suficiente para comprarlas!  No podíamos comprar carne. Solo los militares podían comer la carne de los animales de nuestro rancho.

Che & the Chocolate Factory photo


Chapter 4

El sistema de educación en Cuba:

  1. Pre escolar–no es obligatoria (5 meses hasta 5 años)
  2. Primaria–obligatoria (6 años, hasta 6o grado)
  3. Secundaria básica–obligatoria (7 a 9 grados)
  4. Pre universitaria–no obligatoria (10 a 12 grados)
  5. Superior–tienen acceso a través de un examen, cursos son de 5 años (6 para medicina)

Niños cubanos ingresan a la Organización de Pioneros José Martí


La campaña de alfabetización de Fidel

  1. Estadisticas del alfabetismo https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/comandante-pre-castro-cuba/
  2. Video: Maestras —8 minute clip, Full video Maestras available through online library resource https://www.kanopy.com/

Sound effects for Chapter 4 reader’s theater:


Chapter 5

Sound effects for Chapter 5 reader’s theater:


Chapter 6

“…significant Cuban support, a massive undertaking of some 50,000 Cuban civilians and some 370,000 troops between 1979 and 1991, representing 5 percent of Cuba’s population.” (Newsweek)

The additional costs of maintaining an overseas army, which includes 65,000 Cubans (troops, and military and civilian advisers) spread over 17 African nations, consume 11 percent of Cuba’s annual budget. Military expenditures, including salaries and uniforms, travel and maintenance, logistical support and supplies, have crippled Cuba’s domestic development plans.”  … There are no accurate reports on the number of Cubans killed. When asked directly for the figure, Castro refused to discuss it: “The enemy must not have that information.” No one, however, disputes that the Cuban dead numbered in the thousands. … By sending thousands of armed Cubans to Angola in late 1975, Fidel Castro took a bold and unexpected step that would ultimately bring his small nation to the forefront of world attention, make it a player in the perilous Cold War contest, and turn Castro into what historian Edward George called “the unofficial spokesman for the Third World.” Historynet

Dionisio reported–food rations were cut, in order to maintain war in Angola.

Juan fue a Rusia, muchos jóvenes cubanos recibieron becas para estudiar en Rusia

“El cubano que no regresó del frio” Paco Roca, El Pais (comic) http://elpais.com/elpais/2016/03/08/album/1457439474_736828.html#1457439474_736828_1457521029


Chapter 8

Video of El maleconazo

Website with a lot of information: Cuba militar

La gente robaba de muchas tiendas–ropa, zapatos, etc. Había tiendas que solo vendían a gente que tenía dólares, que frustraba a los cubanos

Widespread malnutrition in Cuba after collapse of Soviet Union, infographic comparing Cuba 1991-94 and Venezuela

Crowdsourcing video to promote new film Agosto about 1994


Chapter 10

Niña con el violín https://www.elnuevoherald.com/noticias/mundo/america-latina/cuba-es/article2040166.html

1994 photos

The Atlantic

Balseros video trailer (full movie is available on Kanopy.com with library access) http://www.tvguide.com/movies/balseros/video/136893/balseros-official-trailer-25166332/

Sound effects for Chapter 10 reader’s theater:


Chapter 11

Reynaldo’s art

Fuga de balseros en Panamá

Balseros returned to Gtmo

“People are very, very hurt and upset with {President} Clinton,” said Ramon Quintano, 25, during a visit by a reporter to the camps in Panama last weekend. “We thought we could have a new life. It seems like Clinton and Castro are working together.”

Gitmo Public Memory Project–video of people who were in Gitmo during balsero crisis

  • Pavel Rodriguez–medical student describes his experience as a balsero in Guantánamo as a child (in English)
  • Conrado Basulto–Video and Guantánamo photos, art in Gitmo (in Spanish, English subtitles)
  • Eugenio Rothe–psychiatrist in Guantánamo, talked about psychiatric care of balseros, especially children separated from parents

Bibliografía

American Experience. “Pre-Castro Cuba.” www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/comandante-pre-castro-cuba/

Balseros. Video

Campisi, Elizabeth. Escape to Miami: An Oral History of the Cuban Rafter Crisis.

Castro, Fidel. Speech given in Plaza de la Revolución José Martí. May 1, 1980. www.cuba.cu/gobierno/discursos/1980/esp/f010580e.html

Cubanet  video 1994

Fabry, Merrill. “The U.S. Trade Embargo on Cuba Just Hit 55 Years.” Time. October 19, 2015.

Fuente, Alvaro. “Yo sí puedo acabar con él analfabetismo”. El País. January 12, 2017. elpais.com

Gleijeses, Piero. “Cuba’s intervention in Africa during the Cold War.” Oxford University Press Blog. December 8, 2016.

Government Accounting Office. “US Response to the 1994 Cuban Migration Crisis.” http://www.gao.gov/archive/1995/ns95211.pdf

Gordon, Antonio. El Exodo del 94.

Linares, Gladys. “CDR: 55 años de vigilancia y represión”. Cubanet.org 28 septiembre, 2015.

Maestra. Dir. Catherine Murphy. Women Make Movies, 2012. Kanopy. Web.

Nolin, Robert. “How Fidel Castro’s revolution remade South Florida.” LA Times. November 27, 2016. http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-castro-florida-20161127-story.html

Ojito, Mirta. El mañana: Memorias de un éxodo cubano.

Soodalter , Ron. “Over Where? Cuban Fighters in Angola’s Civil War.” HistoryNet. Spring, 2016.

Vines, Alex. “Why Fidel Castro´s Greatest Legacy in Africa is in Angola.” Newsweek. November 30, 2016

Encyclopaedia Britannica “Cuban Revolution.” (online) www.britannica.com/event/Cuban-Revolution#ref1256650

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